When stockbrokers who spend their day searching for financial information about different businesses type the word “Starbucks” into Google’s search box, chances are that they are more likely to be looking for stock price information than the closest place that they can get a mint mocha chip frappuccino.
When a city-dwelling college student, who likes to meet up with friends at new places all the time, using his cell phone to find and map out those places, types the word “Starbucks” into his phone’s browser, the first thing he wants to see is probably a map to the nearest Starbucks.
Can a search engine be smart enough to serve a stock price quote at the top of search results to the stock broker, and a map to the college student, even if both are using hand held devices to connect to the Web?
Relevance and Informational Needs
Sometimes the most relevant and most popular page on the Web isn’t the best response to a query submitted at a search engine. Sometimes the best page to return to a searcher is the one most appropriate to their informational need.
How well can a search engine determine what the informational need of a searcher might be?
A new patent application from Google explores that topic, and introduces such things as One Box results to show to searchers, as well as changing the order of different types of results that it might present to those search engine users
Can information from a search engine be presented to searchers in a way that is most likely relevant to them, by presenting search results ordered in groups, such as “web, image, blog, scholar, desktop, maps, news, video, and other sets”?
What does this mean for searchers, and for site owners?
The search engine might decide the groups of results to present based upon the language used in a query, whether there is some geographic relevance in a query, and the quality of search results on the Web that exist for a query.
If the searcher is using a desktop computer or a handheld device to connect to the Web might play a role in results show, as well as individual and aggregated user data about the searcher, the device used to search with, and the query terms involved in the search.
Different Users, Different Experiences
The patent presents a few examples, which are interesting. I started my post with a simplified version of one of them, about the stock broker and the college student.
Might a search engine be smart enough to give the student the results that he may want to see first, a map, and to give the stock broker the result that she may want to see first, financial information about the corporation? There are a number of factors that a search engine might consider in determining which results to show to someone, and which order to show them in.
The search engine may also show news results, images, web search information and more, but the order in which those categories of information are presented may be different for different users. Which set is initially shown to a searcher, may be based upon predictions of which sets might be most helpful.
The Google patent application is:
Presentation of Local Results
Invented by Gabriel Wolosin and Charity Yueh-Chwen Lu
Assigned to Google
US Patent Application 20080172374
Published July 17, 2008
Filed: January 17, 2007
A computer-implemented method is disclosed. The method includes receiving from a remote device a search query, generating a local result set and one or more non-local result sets for the search query, determining a display location for the local result set relative to the non-local result set based on a position of the search query in a local relevance indicium.
A search for “pizza places,” may be seen as a local search, and a “local” set of search results may be initially displayed.
If the device someone is searching upon is a mobile computing device, like a cell phone or smartphone, that may call for ordering search results in a different order than if the search is done on a computer desktop.
A search for “Marilyn Monroe” or “James Dean” might result in images shown first, then shopping, then web, then blogs, then news.
A search for “polydicyclopentadiene,” might trigger a scholar or scientific articles-directed group as most relevant, and then groups sorted as web results, then blogs, then news, then shopping, then images.
Ordering Results Sets
There are a number of ways that different groups of result sets might be ordered.
1) They could be based upon looking at a particular query, and aggregated observations of user behavior in response to receiving query results for that query.
If most users searching for “Marilyn Monroe” are observed clicking on an “images” control even if the initial results are provided as web results, that user behavior may indicate that searchers associate the query closely with images and thus prefer to have images displayed first.
2) Results may be tied to the kind of device someone is using to connect to the web – the user of a handheld looking for “pizza” may be trying to find directions to a place where they can get a slice or two.
3) Results may be tied to a mix of user behavior information in response to a particular query, and type of device used in the search.
4) Results may be based upon result quality – if there is little relevant news for a query term, or few images, or little in the way of local search results, than returning those type of results first may not make much sense.
5) Results may be tied to a profile about a particular searcher, keeping track of the kinds of results that searcher might prefer to see. If 53% of Joe’s search queries are for map information and 61% of Jane’s queries relate to stock information, then showing maps first to Joe, and stock information first to Jane makes sense.
6) Results may be based upon how likely a query might be tied to “local search” results. The patent tells us that “terms or queries such as ‘restaurant,’ ‘weather,’ ‘movie,’ ‘directions,’ and ‘McDonalds’ may be highly correlated with local search requests. In contrast, terms or queries like ‘Google,’ ‘David Hasselhoff,’ ‘podcast,’ or ‘Monty Python’ would not.”
One Box – Single Search Results Sets When Appropriate
While some result sets may include lists of search results, such as image or web search results, others may include a single result such as local results or weather results when the user’s location is known, or a non-local result such as stock information.
The search engine may use a specific format for single-entry results, producing “more pleasing and easier-to-understand results that can be viewed in less screen space and with less need for the user to navigate through results.”
These could be a single map with one location upon it, or a dropdown for travelers to book a flight, or a weather report for a specific location, or a stock quote, or a number of other One Box results that Google shows.
The One Box is primarily aimed at improving a searchers experience when searching. Does it improve yours when you see a One Box Result?
The patent filing delves into a lot more details about how a search engine might choose to order and present particular groupings of results for different searchers in different situations, based upon their chosen search terms.
Notice that when you search for some queries at Google, that the top results that you see might be mostly local, or mostly news, or scholarly, or images, or financial.
Is Google sorting search results based upon what kind of task that it thinks that you might be trying to perform, whether it’s to gather a specific kind of information, or to perform some kind of task such as finding the closest coffee spot or travel information, or performing some kind of navigational query to find a specific Web site?
What does that mean for searchers? What does it mean for site owners?