If you’ve spent any time on the Web, chances are that you’ve run into an entry on Wikipedia for a specific person or place.
A recent paper from a Microsoft reseacher explores the idea of using pages like those, from the “free encyclopedia that anyone can edit,” to try to resolve any confusion about who is being referred to when someone performs a search for a person or place in a search engine.
The paper, Large-Scale Named Entity Disambiguation Based on Wikipedia Data (pdf), from Silviu Cucerzan describes how agreement between documents and the context from wikipedia articles involving people and places might help a search engine understand which person or place is being referred to in those documents. The category tags for Wikipedia may also help.
Some great examples in the document, such as this one: