Understanding Relationships such as Entity Assocations
When we talk about how web sites are related, it’s not unusual for us to talk about links between sites and pages. Google pays a lot of attention to such links. They are at the heart of one of its most well-known ranking signals – PageRank. PageRank is more than 15 years old, predating the origin of Google itself in the BackRub search engine.
Google is exploring other signals used to rank pages in search results. These include social signals for reputation scores for authors. They may also look at relationships between words that appear together on pages ranking for the same queries. Also relationships between pages in the same search results and in the same search sessions. A Google paper presented at an October 2013 natural language processing conference, Open-Domain Fine-Grained Class Extraction from Web Search Queries (pdf), provides some interesting hints at a possible Google of the future.
Entity Associations are Part of the Future of SEO
Google is also interested in building a knowledge base of concepts to better understand things like what different businesses or entities are ‘Known for’ or by defining entities better in ‘is a’ relationships. Pages for specific entities may show up at the top of search results because they seem to be pages people are looking for when that entity is included in a query, like the first two results on a search for [Roald Dahl], as seen in the image below:
A Google patent application on related entities published earlier this year also explores drawing connections between different named entities (specific people, places, or things) by looking at entity associations with specific websites, and by understanding “related entities” for those original entities. An Entity Association is when a specific entity is connected with a particular website. This may be because a site is considered authoritative for that entity, or a page from the site is considered a navigational result for a query that includes that entity.
On a search for “John Wayne,” the official John Wayne website is the top result in Google and the second result is the John Wayne Wikipedia page. Those may rank well not because of traditional ranking signals such as PageRank and information retrieval scores based upon relevance, but rather because they are pages that are authoritative on the entity “John Wayne,” and great responses to those queries as navigational results.
While the Roald Dahl search result from the patent application shows books authored by Roald Dahl, the Knowledge Panel result for John Wayne shows movies that he has starred in, and other people whom searchers also look for when they search for John Wayne, who are considered related entities.
How similar are the processes for including related entities within a set of search results, and including related entities within a knowledge panel in Google Results? This patent application tells us that it looks at search results to try to identify related entities, while the knowledge panel results also appear to look at query log files as well, to find things that people also search for when they search for an entity that triggers a knowledge panel result. The patent filing is:
Invented by Peter Jin Hong, Pravir K. Gupta, Nathaniel J. Gaylinn, Ramakrishnan Kazhiyur-Mannar, Kavi J. Goel, Omer Bar-or, Jack W. Menzel, Christina R. Dhanaraj, Jared L. Levy, Shashidhar A. Thakur, Grace Chung, and Benson Tsai
US Patent Application 20130238594
Published September 12, 2013
Filed: February 22, 2013
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on computer storage media, for identifying entities that are related to an entity to which a search query is directed. One of the methods includes:
- Receiving a search query, wherein the search query has been determined to relate to the first entity of a first entity type, and wherein one or more entities of a second entity type have a relationship with the first entity;
- Receiving search results for the search query;
- Determining that a count of search results identifying a resource containing a reference to the first entity satisfies a first threshold value;
- Determining that a count of search results identifying a resource having the second entity type as a relevant entity type satisfies a second threshold value; and
- Transmitting information identifying the one or more entities of the second entity type as part of the response to the search query.
Here’s an abbreviated look at the entity associations process described in the patent filing, using images from the related entities patent application:
Search results from a query are explored to see whether or not there are authoritative resources for an entity within them. If so, then those results are said to be targeted towards that entity.
If the search result titles and snippets also contain related entities, they may be identified and included within a database of related entities.
The patent does tell us that these related entities might be presented in ranked order and provides some of the signals that could be used to order the related entities. (Note that there’s not a link involved at all.)
Ranking scores for Related entities can be based at least in part on:
- How often someone searches related entities after submitting a query for the first entity.
- How globally popular related entities might be (sounds like search volume).
- How often a recognized reference to related entities co-occur in a same previously submitted query as a recognized reference to the original entity.
- If there is data indicating that two or more of the related entities of the second entity type are members of a set of entities that has a specified order, and matching that order (For example, if the entity is a person with children and the children are usually listed in birth order.)
- If there is data indicating that two or more of the related entities are better known as being part of a broader entity, and replacing them with the broader entity in the ordering of the related entities.
Entity Associations Take-Aways
When Google decides to associate an entity with a particular query, it may also identify whether or not related entities are showing up in those search results within places like titles and snippets, and include those entities within the search results as well. This wouldn’t require matching keywords with the original query or a PageRank analysis.
The patent application shows how this would work within search results, but it seems to apply to knowledge panel results as well.
As Google’s knowledge base grows, things like Entity Associations and related entities will likely be a part of it.
I’ve written a few posts about named entities. These are some that I wanted to share:
- Do You Have a Named Entity Strategy for Marketing Your Web Site?
- How I Came to Love Entities and Start Doing Entity Optimization
- How Google Uses Named Entity Disambiguation for Entities with the Same Names
- How Named Entities Connected to Trending Topics can be used to Address Real Time Search Results
- Not Brands but Entities: The Influence of Named Entities on Google and Yahoo Search Results
- How Knowledge Base Entities can be Used in Searches
- Finding Entity Names in Google’s Knowledge Graph
- Google Gets Smarter with Named Entities: Acquires MetaWeb
- Entity Associations with Websites and Related Entities
- How Google Might Identify Entity Synonyms Using Anchor Text
- Extracting Facts for Entities from Sources such as Wikipedia Titles and Infoboxes
- Extracting Semantic Classes and Corresponding Instances from Web Pages and Query Logs
- How Google May Identify Main Entities
- How Google’s Knowledge Graph Updates Itself by Answering Questions
Last Updated June 26, 2019.